ports intro

The ports collection is a way to install thrid party software on a FreeBSD server.

ports tips

Updating available port list

csup -L 2 -h cvsup1.fr.FreeBSD.org /usr/share/examples/cvsup/ports-supfile

Installing portmaster

cd /usr/ports/ports-mgmt/portmaster
make install clean

Deleting one program/lib (and force in case of unmet dependencies)

pkg_delete xf86bigfontproto-1.2.0
pkg_delete -f xf86bigfontproto-1.2.0

Using portmaster

portmaster -L #list installed ports and available updates.

Clean stale files

cd /usr/ports && make -DNOCLEANDEPENDS clean
yes|portmaster -t --clean-distfiles #usually without -t

In case of missing dependencies, you might get errors like these :

pkg_info: corrupted record (pkgdep line without argument), ignoring

Search for missing dependencies

cd /usr/ports/cat/portname
make missing

Search for all missing dependencies

grep -A1 "^@pkgdep $" /var/db/pkg/*/+CONTENTS

Search ports

cd /usr/ports && make index
make search name=<port-name>
make search key=<keyword>

Display the port who has installed a specified file:

pkg_info -W /usr/local/bin/sudo
/usr/local/bin/sudo was installed by package sudo-1.8.1_5
pkg which "/usr/local/libexec/courier-imap/couriertcpd"
/usr/local/libexec/courier-imap/couriertcpd was installed by package courier-imap-4.15_2,2

Replace a port:

portmaster -o databases/postgresql10-client postgresql93-client

Display the files that where installed by a specific port:

pkg_info -L nagios-plugins-1.4.15_1,1
Information for nagios-plugins-1.4.15_1,1:


Delete a port and recursively delete all the ports that depend on it:

pkg delete -R qt4-gui

Feedback and comments are welcome on this page .